⟨ ⟨ October 2018 ⟩ ⟩
mon tue wed thu fri sat sun


80 years since German troops crossed into the Sudetenland in 1938

In October 1938 the Czech Sudetenland was ceded to Hitler after the Munich Agreement in a move now regarded as one of the worst cases of appeasement. The Czechs were not invited to the meetings and they refer to them as the Munich betrayal.


25 years since Boris Yeltsin crushed a hardline Communist rebellion in 1993

Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin was a Soviet and Russian politician and the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999. Originally a supporter of Mikhail Gorbachev, Yeltsin emerged under the perestroika reforms as one of Gorbachev's most powerful political opponents.


45 years since the start of the Yom Kippur war (October War) in 1973

The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War, or October War, also known as the 1973 Arab–Israeli War, was a war fought from October 6 to 25, 1973, by a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel.


90 years since Chiang Kai-Shek became chairman of Republic of China in 1928

Chiang Kai-shek, also romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi and known as Chiang Chungcheng, was a political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and then in exile in Taiwan.


40 years since Cardinal Karol Wojtyla was elected Pope and took the name John Paul II in 1978

Pope John Paul II served as Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 to 2005. He is called Saint John Paul the Great by some Catholics


95 years since Republic of Turkey established in 1923

The Republic of Turkey was created after the overthrow of Sultan Mehmet VI Vahdettin by the new Republican Parliament in 1922. This new regime delivered the coup de grâce to the Ottoman state which had been practically wiped away from the world stage following the First World War.


80 years since millions of Americans were panicked by Orson Welles’ radio broadcast of 'The War of the Worlds', in 1938

It was performed as a Halloween episode of the series on Sunday, October 30, 1938, and aired over the Columbia Broadcasting System radio network. Directed and narrated by actor and future filmmaker Orson Welles, the episode was an adaptation of H. G. Wells' novel The War of the Worlds.